Cauliflower Flour | American Society of Baking
Commercial Baking Ingredients:

Cauliflower Flour

Also known as cauliflower powder

What is cauliflower flour?

Cauliflower flour is a fine ground gluten-free powder made from dried cauliflower florets, stems or leaves.

The most commercially available cauliflower flour is made from the dried floret mixed with other gluten – free flours such as: rice, maize, and sorghum.1

  • Consumer interest in healthier alternatives to wheat flour, mainly gluten-free baking, is behind the push for developing flours from vegetables, pulses and nuts flours.
  • This flour presents itself as an interesting alternative. 1
Related Links:

Origin

Cauliflower (​​Brassica oleracea) is one of the oldest cabbage varieties, its cultivation started  around 2500 years ago in Italy and Cyprus. Today, it is recognized as one of the most commonly consumed ​​cabbage-like vegetables.2

Current health concerns with gluten-related diseases have led to the development of gluten-free alternatives. This flour is one promising alternative with acceptable sensory properties.1

Function

In baked goods, cauliflower flour serves several functions:1

Nutrition

Typical nutritional value of commercial flour per 100 g:3

Component Grams
Carbohydrate 56.67
Moisture 20.00
Protein 20.00
Lipids 3.33

This flour provides 333 kcal per 100 g. It is a good source of fiber, important for digestive health and is rich in vitamins and minerals. 1,3

Production

Homemade cauliflower flour or meal can be prepared through the following process:1

Application

It is commonly used to manufacture pizza bases, bread, biscuits, pancakes and cookies. 4,5

Considerations when working:4

Regulations

Cauliflower flour as a unique product doesn’t have a particular regulation by the FDA. However, the FDA does establish the standards for growing, harvesting, packing and holding of the produce.6

In the EU, this flour doesn’t have a specific regulation just like in the US.

References

  1. Lacey, A. Cali’flour Kitchen: 125 Cauliflower-Based Recipes for the Carbs You Crave. United States, ABRAMS, 2019.
  2. Kiple, K. F., and Ornelas, K. The Cambridge world history of food. Cambridge University Press, 2000.
  3. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. FoodData Central, 05 December 2020. https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/1992015/nutrients . Accessed 28 September 2021.
  4. Bunch Team. “Bunch Food For Thought”. Bunch.Countdown.Co.Nz, 2020, https://bunch.countdown.co.nz/nzBunch/article/10068875/Have-you-tried-Cauliflower-Flour#?sortby=RECENT . Accessed 28 Sept 2021.
  5. Kumar, K, et al. “Functional properties of food commodities (wheat, kidney bean, cowpea, turnip, cauliflower) flours.” Int J Crop Sci 5 (2017): 1199-1202.
  6. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). US Department of Health and Human Services. CFR Code of Federal Regulations Title 21, Part 112 Standards For The Growing, Harvesting, Packing, And Holding Of Produce For Human Consumption, https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfCFR/CFRSearch.cfm?CFRPart=112&showFR=1 , Accessed 28 Sept 2021.